Wamba, D. R. Congo

Brief History


Primary source for the following Site Data is McGrew et. al. (1996), Great Ape Societies (Cambridge University Press), Appendix.


Name: Station de Wamba, Centre de Recherche en Ecologie et Forestiere
Location: Congo [ex-Zaire], Province Collectivite de Luo, Zone de Djolu, Sous-region de Tshuapa, 00° 11' N 22° 28' E
Status: Scientific Reserve
Area: 350km2
Altitude: 370-430m
Rainfall: 2000mm
Vegetation: Rainforest-derived mosaic of dry, swamp, and secondary forest, cultivated fields. A species list is available at http://www.primate.wisc.edu/pin/tro1.html
Selective logging, hunting, provisioning
Disturbance ratings -- 4, 4, 2, 3, 3
P. paniscus
--- individuals per km2
Fauna: Perodicticus potto, Galago demidovii, Colobus angolensis, C. badius, Cercopithecus ascanius, C. wolfi, C. neglectus, C. salongo, Allenopithecus nigroviridis, Cercocebus aterrimus, Panthera pardus
1974-1981, 1983-1991, 1994
Habituation: Good for 3 groups, fair for 2 groups, poor for 1 group
Seasonal, occasional
Conservation: Guards' training
Sexual development, intergroup relationships, adoption
Methods: Focal-subject sampling, ad libitum sampling, video recording
Takayoshi Kano, Kyoto University Primate Research Institute, Inuyama, Japan 484
Habitat photos ---
Maps ---
Aerial photos ---
Bibliography Assorted references relating to Wamba
  • Furuichi, T. (1989). Social interactions and the life history of female Pan paniscus in Wamba. Int. J. Primatol. 10: 173-197.
  • Furuichi, T. (1997). Agonistic interactions and matrifocal dominance rank of wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) at Wamba. Int. J. Primatol. 18: 855-875.
  • Hashimoto, C. (1997). Context and development of sexual behavior of wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) at Wamba, Zaire. Int. J. Primatol. 18: 1-21.
  • Hashimoto, C., Furuichi, T. & Takenaka, O. (1996). Matrilineal kin relationship and social behavior of wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) -- sequencing the D-loop region of mitochondrial DNA. Primates. 37: 305-318.
  • Idani, G. (1991). Social relationships between immigrant and resident bonobo (Pan paniscus) females at Wamba. Folia primatol. 57: 83-95.
  • Idani, G. (1995). Function of peering behavior among bonobos (Pan paniscus) at Wamba, Zaire. Primates. 36: 377-383.
  • Idani, G., Kuroda, S., Kano, T. & Asato, R. (1994). Flora and vegetation of Wamba Forest, Central Zaire with reference to bonobo (Pan paniscus) foods. Tropics. 3: 309-332.
  • Ihobe, H. (1990). Interspecific interactions between wild pygmy chimpanzees (Pan paniscus) and red colobus (Colobus badius). Primates. 31: 109-112.
  • Ihobe, H. (1992). Male-male relationships among wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) at Wamba, Republic of Zaire. Primates. 33: 163-179.
  • Ihobe, H. (1992). Observations on the meat-eating behavior of wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) at Wamba, Republic of Zaire. Primates. 33: 247-250.
  • Kano, T. (1992). The Last Ape: Pygmy Chimpanzee Behavior and Ecology. Stanford CA: Stanford University Press.
  • Kano, T. & Mulavwa, M. (1984). Feeding ecology of the pygmy chimpanzees (Pan paniscus) of Wamba. pp. 233-274 IN Susman, R. L. (Ed.), The Pygmy Chimpanzee. New York: Plenum.
  • Kuroda, S. (1980). Social behavior of the pygmy chimpanzees. Primates. 21: 181-197.
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