Kahuzi-Biega National Park,
D. R. Congo

Brief History


Primary source for the following Site Data is McGrew et. al. (1996), Great Ape Societies (Cambridge University Press), Appendix.


Name: Kahuzi-Biega
Location: D. R. Congo [ex-Zaire], Province de Kivu; 2° S, 28° E
Status: National Park
Area: 6,000km2
Altitude: 600-3308m
Temp: --- °C
Rainfall: 1800mm, range 1500-1900mm
Vegetation: Primary forest, secondary forest, swamp forest, bamboo, subalpine. A species list is available at http://www.primate.wisc.edu/pin/tro1.html
hunting, cattle encroachment, slash and burn horticulture, no provisioning
Disturbance ratings -- 2,3,2,2,1
P. t. schweinfurthii, G. g. graueri
--- individuals per km2
Fauna: Perodicticus potto, Galago demidovii, G. crassicaudatus, Papio anubis, Colobus angolensis, C. badius, Cercopithecus ascanius, C. wolfi, C. l'hoesti, C. hamlyni, C. mitis, Cercocebus albigena, Panthera pardus
1978-79, 1987-present
Habituation: Lowland poor, highland fair or excellent for gorillas, fair for chimpanzees
Conservation: Ecotourism, education for local people
Feeding ecology (gorillas and chimpanzees), behavioral ecology and social organization (gorillas)
Methods: Group tracking, focal-subject sampling, indirect evidence
Juichi Yamagiwa, Kyoto University Primate Research Institute, Inuyama, Japan 484
Habitat photos ---
Maps ---
Aerial photos ---
Bibliography References for data found in this site, and other sources relating to Kahuzi-Biega
  • Basabose, K. & Yamagiwa, J. (1997). Predation on mammals by chimpanzees in the Montane Forest of Kahuzi, Zaire. Primates. 38: 45-55.
  • Casimir, M. J. (1979). An analysis of gorilla nesting sites of the Mt. Kahuzi region (Za´re). Folia primatol. 32: 290-308.
  • Garner, K. J. & Ryder, O. A. (1996). Mitochondrial DNA diversity in gorillas. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 6: 39-48.
  • Hall, J. S., Inogwabini, B. I., Williamson, E. A., Omari, I. & others. (1997). A survey of elephants (Loxodonta africana) in the Kahuzi-Biega National Park lowland sector and adjacent forest in eastern Zaire. Afr. J. Ecol. 35: 213-223.
  • Hall, J. S., White, L. J. T., Inogwabini, B.-I., Omari, I., Morland, H. S., Williamson, E. A., Saltonstall, K., Walsh, P., Sikuwabo, C., Bonny, D., Kiswele, K. P., Vedder, A. & Freeman, K. (1998). Survey of Grauer's gorillas (Gorilla gorilla graueri) and Eastern chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthi) in the Kahuzi-Biega National Park Lowland Sector and adjacent forest in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Int. J. Primatol. 19: 207-235.
  • Saltonstall, K., Amato, G. & Powell, J. (1998). Mitochondrial DNA variability in Grauer's gorillas of Kahuzi-Biega National Park. J. Heredity. 89: 129-135.
  • Yamagiwa, J., Maruhashi, T., Yumoto, T. & Mwanza, N. (1996). Dietary and ranging overlap in sympatric gorillas and chimpanzees in Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Zaire. pp. 82-98 IN McGrew, W. C., Marchant, L. F. & Nishida, T. (Ed.), Great Ape Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Yamagiwa, J. & Mwanza, N. (1994). Day-journey length and daily diet of solitary male gorillas in lowland and highland habitats. Int. J. Primatol. 15: 207-224.
  • Yamagiwa, J., Mwanza, N., Spangenberg, A., Maruhashi, T., Yumoto, T., Fischer, A. & Stenhauer, B. B. (1993). A census of the eastern lowland gorillas Gorilla gorilla graueri in Kahuzi-Biega National Park with reference to mountain gorillas G. G. beringei in the Virunga Region, Zaire. Biol. Conserv. 64: 83-89.
  • Yamagiwa, J., Mwanza, N., Yumoto, T. & Maruhashi, T. (1994). Seasonal change in the composition of the diet of eastern lowland gorillas. Primates. 35: 1-14.
  • Yamagiwa, J., Yumoto, T., Maruhashi, T. & Mwanza, N. (1993). Field methodology for analyzing diets of eastern lowland gorillas in Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Zaire. Tropics. 2: 209-218.
  • Yumoto, T. & Maruhashi, T. (1995). Seed-dispersal by elephants in a tropical rain forest in Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Zaire. Biotropica. 27: 526-530.
  • Yumoto, T., Yamagiwa, J., Mwanza, N. & Maruhashi, T. (1994). List of plant species identified in Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Zaire. Tropics. 3: 295-308.
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