GUIDE to Elster, Selfishness and Altruism



Why does self-interested action have a 'methodological priority'? What does 'methodological priority' mean in this case?

According to Elster is altruistic behavior selfish in the final analysis? Do non-selfish acts exist?

Can behavior be rational but non-selfish? How?

What is paternalism?

Elster uses the wage-payment game to illustrate why honesty rather than selfishness might pay in certain circumstances. Make sure you understand the example. What are the numbers in the parentheses?

Is honesty the same as altruism? Can someone be honest and not altruistic?

What is the role of threats and promises in rational calculation?